The Journey to Parenthood: Understanding In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF).

In the world of ART (assisted reproductive technology)- in-vitro fertilization plays an important role in fulfilling the dream of becoming a parent.

IVF incorporates a series of complex procedures, like collecting the fertile sperm and egg and fusing them outside the body in a laboratory setting. IVF provides hope for many obstacles, like blocked fallopian tubes in females, low sperm counts in men, and any other ovulation disorders.

IVF treatment usually starts when all other fertility medications and intrauterine insemination fail. We consider IVF to be the primary treatment if you are over 40 years old.

Certain conditions that require IVF treatments are fallopian tube blockage, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, and ovulation disorders.

Understand IVF treatment: step by step.
  • Ovarian stimulation: The ovary is stimulated by prescribed medicines to produce multiple eggs. This step is very crucial, as it increases the chance of fertilization.
  • Egg and sperm collection:Mature eggs are collected using a minor surgical procedure called egg retrieval. A thin needle is used to collect eggs from the ovaries under ultrasound guidance. Sperm is also ejaculated by the male donor for the procedure.
  • Fertilization: It is done in the laboratory by conventional insemination or intracytoplasmic sperm injection technique, where a sperm is injected directly into each egg.
  • Embryo transfer:After fertilization, the embryo is cultured in the laboratory for 5 to 6 days. The embryo undergoes differentiation and development. Only the healthiest embryos are selected for transfer into the uterus. Embryos are transferred into the uterus using a thin catheter inserted into the cervix.
  • Two-week test:Following the embryo transfer, a two-week wait is necessary. This can be an emotionally challenging period as the parents are anxiously waiting to get positive results.
  • Pregnancy test: Around two weeks after the embryo transfer, we will do a pregnancy test to determine whether the implantation has occurred. A blood test is carried out for the hCG hormone, and the presence of the hormone usually indicates the pregnancy is positive.

About 5% of couples with infertility are willing to try IVF. More than 8 million babies in this world have been born as a result of IVF treatment since 1978. We guarantee that it is one of the most effective assisted reproductive technologies available.

There are many more factors to consider before starting IVF treatment.

If you have been trying to conceive for a year now, consider IVF as a treatment option. To better understand the IVF treatment, book your appointment with our expert at Belle Vue's Cambridge Hospital. We ensure you the best treatment options that can enhance your future of having a child.