Cervical cancer – Cervical cancer is the most common cancer of the genital tract in India. It can be detected in its precancerous stage. When detected at precancerous stage it can be cured completely. Detection is by very easy and outpatient based techniques. Cervical cancer screening includes
Pelvic examination – to assess the vaginal and cervix condition.
Pap smear – All women who have ever been sexually active should have regular Pap tests. Cervical cancer screening should start at the age of 21 years Women aged between 21- 29 years should undergo Pap smear every 3 years Women aged 30 -65 should have Pap smear with HPV co-testing every 5 years (preferred). Pap smear alone should be repeated every 3 year.
Every woman who is sexually active or over the age of 18 needs to have a PAP SMEAR. Have you had yours?
OVARIAN CANCER SCREENING:
Ovarian cancer presentation is usually in advanced stages. Patient usually presents with non- specific complaints like bloating sensation, acidity, and vague abdominal pain and sometime with abnormal virginal bleeding. Screening is advised for women over 35 years of age. It includes
General Physical examination
Pelvic ultrasonography – pelvic ultrasound examination looks into abnormality of uterus, ovary, tubes and pelvis. We suggest Trans- vaginal route than trans- abdominal method. Transvaginal gives more information and can detect early ovarian lesions.
Bio-chemical makers- few bio-chemical markers are recommended in women who have any ovarian lesions and also in women who have a very strong history of cancers in family.
Uterine cancer :
Uterine cancers of the uterus can be of two types one arising from uterus muscle which is called as Sarcoma and one which arises from the endometrium which is called as Endometrial Carcinoma. Endometrial cancers
are more common than the myometrial cancers. They usually presents With abnormal uterine bleeding or with post-menopausal bleeding. There is no recommendation on the screening of uterine cancers but women who have
abnormal or postmenopausal bleeding should undergo tests to rule out
endometrial cancers. Some of the tests recommended are –
Transvaginal pelvic ultrasound.
Hysteroscopy and biopsy.
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women lt can detected early if women follow few simple tips. They are –
Monthly self breast examination.
Mammography in women over 35 years of age.